Lathe Operations: Facing

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Facing Operations Facing is the process of removing metal from the end of a workpiece to produce a flat surface. Most often, the workpiece is cylindrical, but using a 4-jaw chuck you can face rectangular or odd-shaped work to form cubes and other non-cylindrical shapes.

When a lathe cutting tool removes metal it applies considerable tangential (i.e. lateral or sideways) force to the workpiece. To safely perform a facing operation the end of the workpiece must be positioned close to the jaws of the chuck. The workpiece should not extend more than 2-3 times its diameter from the chuck jaws unless a steady rest is used to support the free end. Cutting Speeds

If you read many books on machining you will find a lot of information about the correct cutting speed for the movement of the cutting tool in relation to the workpiece. You must consider the rotational speed of the workpiece and the movement of the tool relative to the workpiece. Basically, the softer the metal the faster the cutting. D…

The Process Of Becoming An Electrician

To become an electrician, you will most likely to need to take part in some type of formal education program. In fact, most states require you to have formal education and the appropriate type of licensure to perform electrical-related services. You can take part in a formal training program through vocational courses as well as through on-the-job training. It is important not to underestimate the physical endurance that must be sustained to be an electrician.



Types of Electricians



Once you become an electrician, you will find many job opportunities with many of them being accompanied with extremely good paying salaries. If you have the right type of education, you may even want to pursue a career as an electrical engineer. If you choose to become a residential electrician, understand that there will be much work, but the pay level in this line of work tends to be considerably lower than that of other types of electricians.



Apprenticeships and Exams



As part of your formal training, you may be required to take part in an apprenticeship program. In doing this, you will be able to make money while you finish your studies. If you are already employed, your employer may be willing to pay for your training. After your formal education has been completed, you will then be required to take and pass an exam. After passing, you will then earn the right to be called a journeyman electrician. You will also be granted the right to work on your own. For the most part, to be eligible to take the exam, you will need at least 144 hours worth of classroom lectures as well as 2,000 hours worth of on-the-job training.



Necessary Skills



You will have to master many skills to become an electrician. Some of these skills include the ability to interpret blueprints, to adhere to building codes, to implement safety measures and much more; however, the most of your time will likely be spent working with electrical systems. In this line of work, you should expect to work odd hours, including nights, weekends and evenings.



Workplace Settings



The settings that you will work in as an electrician will vary. For example, one day you may be working inside at school, while the next day you may be working outside on a sports stadium. If you choose to become a residential electrician, you will of course be working on residential properties; however, you may be working inside, outside or both. To ensure you stay safe while performing your services, it is extremely important that you implement all safety codes you are taught during your formal training.



Continuing Your Education



Some states will mandate that you continue your education to maintain your licensure as an electrician. If this is so, you will likely find the ability to continue your education through local programs offered through local community and vocational colleges. Oftentimes, the amount of continuing educational courses that you will have to take part in add up to about four to eight hours worth of classroom hours.



If you think becoming an electrician is something you want to do, you need to contact a local vocational college to identify the exact requirements that you will need to meet.



This blog post has been provided on behalf of Hotwire-Electric. With a team of certified electricians Hotwire can complete any project you may have.

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